A gravimetric technique was used to measure the cation vacancy concentration in pure ferrous sulfide and in ferrous sulfide containing small amounts of chromium or manganese. Measurements were made over a wide range of sulfur pressures, defined by H2/H2S mixtures, at 500, 600, and 700°C (723, 823, and 923 K). Chromium was found to increase the defect concentration by an amount consistent with the Wagner-Hauffe model pertaining to aliovalent cations. Also in accord with this model, manganese did not measurably affect the cation vacancy concentration.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
E. M. Fryt, V. S. Bhide, W. W. Smeltzer, and J. S. Kirkaldy,J. Electrochem. Soc. 126, 683 (1979).
E. M. Fryt, W. W. Smeltzer, and J. S. Kirkaldy,J. Electrochem. Soc. 126, 673 (1979).
E. M. Fryt,Oxid. Met. 18, 83 (1982).
E. M. Fryt, “Defects and Diffusion in Hexagonal Fe1−δS,” InHigh Temperature Corrosion, R. A. Rapp, ed. (NACH, Houston, TX, 1983), p. 60.
M. Danielewski, S. Mrowec, and A. Stoklosa,Solid State Ionics 1, 287 (1980).
M. Danielewski, S. Mrowec, and A. Stoklosa,Oxid Met. 17, 77 (1982).
G. G. Libowitz, InReactivity of Solids, J. S. Anderson, M. W. Roberts, and F. S. Stone, eds. (Chapman and Hall, London, 1972), p. 107.
J. V. Cathcart, L. C. Manley, G. F. Petersen, and R. E. Druschel,J. Crystal Growth 62, 299 (1982).
K. K. Kelley, U.S. Bureau of Mines Bulletin No. 406 (1937).
J. P. Hager and J. F. Elliott,TRANS AIME 239, 513 (1967).
P. Toulmin and P. B. Barton, Jr.,Geochim. Et Cosmochim. Acta 28, 641 (1961).
W. Burgmann, Jr., G. Urbain, and M. G. Frohberg,Mem. Scient. Rev. Metall. 65, 567 (1968).
J. B. Lightstone and G. G. Libowitz,J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 30, 1025 (1969).
H. I. Kaplan and W. L. Worrell, InThe Chemistry of Extended Defects in Non-Metallic Solids, L. Eyring and M. O'Keefe, eds. (North Holland, New York, 1970), p. 561.
J. Molenda, S. Mrowec, and A. Stoklosa,Solid State Ionics 1, 273 (1980).
Research sponsored by the Division of Materials Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-840R21400 with Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.
About this article
Cite this article
Pawelt, R.E., Campbell, J.J. Cation vacancy concentrations in ferrous sulfide containing chromium and manganese. Oxid Met 26, 253–261 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00659187
- impurity effects