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The effect of froth stability and wettability on the flotation of a xerographic toner


The Separation of ink and pulp fibers in recycled paper is primarily achieved by flotation methods. Xerographic toners from photocopiers and laser printers are known to cause problems in flotation deinking. Wettability and froth stability are two important factors which determine the floatability of xerographic toners. The floatability is investigated for a selected toner using a cationic, a nonionic, and an anionic surfactant. At low surfactant concentrations the froth is too unstable to support flotation, whereas at high surfactant concentrations the toner is rendered hydrophilic by adsorbed surfactant molecules and does not stick to air bubbles. Consequently, a maximum in flotation response is found at an intermediate surfactant concentration near the critical micelle concentration. Cationic, nonionic, and anionic surfactants all adsorb with their hydrocarbon tails on the toner surface. By choosing appropriate froth-stabilizing additives it is possible to enhance the flotation performance.

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Epple, M., Schmidt, D.C. & Berg, J.C. The effect of froth stability and wettability on the flotation of a xerographic toner. Colloid Polym Sci 272, 1264–1272 (1994).

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Key words

  • Deinking
  • flotation
  • wettability
  • froth stability
  • cooperative adsorption