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The thermal expansion of aluminum below 35 K

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Abstract

The linear coefficient of expansion α of aluminum has been measured between 3 and 35 K in two independent experiments at the Australian National Standards Laboratory (NSL) and at Iowa State University (ISU). Agreement between the NSL and ISU measurements is better than 1% above 12 K and is within 3.5% below 12 K. Below 8 K α may be represented by

$$10^{10} \alpha \simeq (9.3 \pm 0.1)T + (0.271\bar + 0.010)T^3 - (0.5 \pm 0.5) \times 10^{ - 4} T^5 $$

corresponding to respective electronic and lattice Grüneisen parameters γ e ≃1.61 and γ1≃2.65. The results extend and agree with earlier measurements of the low-temperature thermal expansion of aluminum from these laboratories; they show no sign of the anomalously large values for γ e and γ1 below 40 K reported on a number of occasions.

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Collins, J.G., White, G.K. & Swenson, C.A. The thermal expansion of aluminum below 35 K. J Low Temp Phys 10, 69–77 (1973). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00655242

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Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Thermal Expansion
  • Independent Experiment
  • Magnetic Material
  • Standard Laboratory