Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Does a persistent current exist in a superfluid helium film?

Abstract

The transfer rate of helium film was measured in a container with typical dimensions of 1 cm. The film flow was induced thermally. Superimposed to the film flow was a rotation of the container. If a velocity difference between substrate and superfluid component were possible, the critical film flow rate would be expected to depend on the angular velocity of the rotation. No such dependence was found. We conclude that a sizable persistent current in a helium film in this geometry is not possible. This result is in agreement with measurements of Wang and Rudnick and in contradiction to those of Henkelet al.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

References

  1. 1.

    E. Van Sprousen, H. J. Verbeek, R. De Bruyn Ouboter, K. W. Taconis, and H. Van Beelen,Physica 61, 129 (1972).

  2. 2.

    R. P. Henkel, G. Kuckich, and J. D. Reppy, inProc. 11th Int. Conf. Low Temp. Phys., St. Andrews, Scotland, 1968.

  3. 3.

    J. D. Reppy,Phys. Rev. Letters 14, 733 (1965); J. B. Mehl and W. Zimmermann, Jr.,Phys. Rev. Letters 14, 815 (1965).

  4. 4.

    T. G. Wang and I. Rudnick, inLow Temperature Physics LT 13 (Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Low Temp. Phys., 1972) (Plenum, New York, 1973).

  5. 5.

    K. R. Atkins and I. Rudnick,Progress in Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 6, C. J. Gorter, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1970), Chapter 2.

  6. 6.

    R. Bowers, D. F. Brewer, and K. Mendelssohn,Phil. Mag. 42, 1445 (1951).

  7. 7.

    B. Smith and H. A. Borse,Phys. Rev. 98, 328 (1955).

  8. 8.

    E. Ambler and N. Kurti,Phil. Mag. 43, 260 (1952).

  9. 9.

    K. Mendelssohn and G. K. White,Proc. phys. Soc. A 63, 1328 (1950).

  10. 10.

    G. R. Herbert, K. L. Chopra, and J. B. Brown,Phys. Rev. 106, 391 (1957).

  11. 11.

    R. K. Waring,Phys. Rev. 99, 1704 (1955).

  12. 12.

    J. Wilks,The Properties of Liquid and Solid Helium (Clarendon Press, Oxford 1967), Section 14.6.

  13. 13.

    W. M. Van Alphen, G. J. Van Haasteren, R. De Bruyn Ouboter, and K. W. Taconis,Phys. Lett. 20, 474 (1966).

  14. 14.

    R. J. Donnelly and A. L. Fetter,Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 747 (1966).

  15. 15.

    A. L. Fetter,Phys. Rev. 153, 285 (1967).

  16. 16.

    J. S. Langer and M. E. Fisher,Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 560 (1967).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wagner, F. Does a persistent current exist in a superfluid helium film?. J Low Temp Phys 13, 185–193 (1973). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00654405

Download citation

Keywords

  • Helium
  • Angular Velocity
  • Magnetic Material
  • Transfer Rate
  • Typical Dimension