Mechanical fracture of solid polymer under vacuum at 77K can, in principle, produce both mechanoradicals and mechanoanions which are formed by homolytic and heterolytic scission of carbon-carbon bonds in the polymer main chain. The production of mechanoanions was claimed by a detection of tetracyanoethylene (TCNE) anion radical (TCNE−), which was observed by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy using the electron trapping method with TCNE.
A novel mechanism for generating triboelectricity is proposed. The charge carrer is an electron. The electron donor is the mechanoanion A−, which is produced by heterolytic carbon-carbon bond scission of the main chain of polymer A. The electron acceptor is the mechanoradical B·, which is produced by homolytic carbon-carbon bond scission of the main chain of polymer B. Charge separation is due to an electron transfer from the mechanoanion to the mechanoradical when in contact. It is possible to speculate the sign of the charge induced by friction from the electron release potential of A−, Pr(A−), and the molecular electron affinity of B·, Ea(B·). The triboelectric series deduced from our mechanism is PMMA-PP-PE-PVDF-PTFE, in which polymers having a relatively low Pr(A−) to high Pr(A−) or polymers having a relatively low Ea(B·) to high Ea(B·) are arranged. This order is identical with well-known triboelectric series.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
For example: Hersh SP, Montgomery DJ (1956) Text Res J 26:903
Fukada E, Fowler JE (1958) Nature 181:693
Henniker J (1962) Nature 196:474
Duke CB, Fabish TJ (1978) J Appl Phys 49:315
Sakaguchi M, Yamakawa H, Sohma J (1974) J Polym Sci Polym Lett Ed, 12:193
Sakaguchi M, Sohma J (1975) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 13:1233
Sakaguchi M, Kinpara H, Hori Y, Shimada S, Kashiwabara H (1984) Polymer 25:944
Sakaguchi M, Kinpara H, Hori Y, Shimada S, Kashiwabara H (1985) Polym Commun 26:142
Sakaguchi M, Kinpara H, Hori Y, Shimada S, Kashiwabara H (1987) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 25:1431
Sakaguchi M, Kinpara H, Hori Y, Shimada S, Kashiwabara H (1988) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 26:1307
Sakaguchi M, Kodama S, Edlund O, Sohma J (1974) J Polym Sci Polym Lett Ed 12:609
Iwasaki M (1974) J Magn Reson 16:417
Dewar MJS, Rezepa HS (1978) J Am Chem Sci 100:784
Kaplan ML, Haddon RC, Bramwell FB, Wundle F, Marshall JH, Cowan DO, Gronowitz S (1980) J Phys Chem 84:427
Butyagin P Yu, Kolbanov IV, Radtsiz VA (1964) Sov Phys-Solid State (Engl Transl) (1964) 5:1642
Campbell D, Peterlin A (1968) J Polym Sci B 6:481
DeVries KL, Roylance DK, Williams ML (1970) J Polym Sci A-1 82:237
Kausch HH (1971) J Polym Sci Part C 32:1
Peterlin A (1971) J Polym Sci Part C 32:297
Zhurkov SN, Zakrevskyi VA, Korsukov VE, Kuksenko VS (1972) J Polym Sci A-2 10:1509
Sohma J, Sakaguchi M (1976) Adv Polym Sci 20:109
Kausch HH (1977) Polymer Fracture, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p 119
Andrews EH, Reed RE (1978) Adv Polym Sci (1978) 27:1
Sakaguchi M, Kinpara H, Hori Y, Shimada S, Kashiwabara H (1989) Macromolecules 22:1277
Sakaguchi M, Kinpara H, Hori Y, Shimada S, Kashiwabara H (1990) Macromolecules 23:5038
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 69th ed, Weast RC Ed, CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 1988–1989; p E 64
Hersh SP, Montgomery DJ (1955) Text Res J 25:279
Dedicated to Professor Hans-Henning Kausch on the occasion of his 60th birthday
About this article
Cite this article
Sakaguchi, M., Kashiwabara, H. A generation mechanism of triboelectricity due to the reaction of mechanoradicals with mechanoions which are produced by mechanical fracture of solid polymer. Colloid Polym Sci 270, 621–626 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00654038
- mechanical fracture
- mechanoanion mechanoradicals