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Minor constituents in the atmosphere of Jupiter

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New spectra of Jupiter in the region 0.93–1.63 μ are presented. Laboratory comparisons of spectra of NH3 and CH4 permit estimates of the absorbing pathlength for various bands of these two gases. Abundances in a single transmission through the Jupiter atmosphere, above the mean reflecting level, vary from 10 to 100 m-atm for CH4 and from 0.2–5 m-atm for NH3, depending on the bands considered. Upper limits for other gases are derived from new laboratory spectra and comparison with the Jupiter spectra presented herein. These are as follows: C2H2<2 m-atm, H2S<0.25 m-atm, HCN<0.05 m-atm, CH3NH2<0.02 m-atm. A table summarizing the chemical composition of Jupiter's atmosphere is presented.

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Cruikshank, D.P., Binder, A.B. Minor constituents in the atmosphere of Jupiter. Astrophys Space Sci 3, 347–356 (1969). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00653359

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  • Atmosphere
  • C2H2
  • Minor Constituent
  • Laboratory Spectrum
  • Single Transmission