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  • Transport Processes, Metalolism and Endocrinology; Kidney, Gastrointestinal Tract, and Exocrine Glands
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Transport of organic cations in brush border membrane vesicles from rabbit kidney cortex

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  • 44 Citations

Abstract

The transport of three organic cations, tetraethylammonium (TEA), morphine and N1-methylnicotinamide (NMN) was studied in brush border membrane vesicles from rabbit kidney cortex under voltage clamp conditions. A proton gradient (pHi=6.0, pHo=7.4) produced a large stimulation of TEA and morphine uptake, yielding a transient overshoot of 190 and 220% respectively, as compared to equilibrium uptake values. No overshoot was observed under pH equilibrium conditions (pHi=pHo=7.4, control). These data suggest the presence of a proton-organic cation exchange mechanism in the rabbit renal cortical brush border membrane. Identical experimental conditions (proton gradient) failed however to stimulate significantly NMN transport above control values measured under pH equilibrium conditions. Proton gradient driven TEA transport showed an inhibition of 21% in the presence of NMN (1 mM) and of 63% in the presence of TEA (1 mM), and TEA transport was stimulated by preloading the vesicles with 1 mM TEA (305%) but not with 1 mM NMN (128%). NMN transport showed an inhibition of 39% in the presence of 1 mM TEA and of 27% in the presence of 1 mM NMN and its transport was stimulated by preloading the vesicles with 1 mM TEA (228%) and 1 mM NMN (178%). Our data suggest that TEA, NMN and morphine are transported by a common transport mechanism for which NMN has only a low affinity.

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References

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Correspondence to C. Schäli.

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Rafizadeh, C., Manganel, M., Roch-Ramel, F. et al. Transport of organic cations in brush border membrane vesicles from rabbit kidney cortex. Pflugers Arch. 407, 404–408 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00652625

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Key words

  • Tetraethylammonium
  • Morphine
  • N1-methylnicotinamide
  • Organic cation transport
  • Brush border membrane (rabbit kidney)