Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Polymerization of acrylonitrile initiated by styrene-arsenic sulfide complex

  • 43 Accesses

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

Arsenic sulfide interacts with styrene to form a complex which in DMSO at 80±0.1°C under N2 atmosphere, initiates radical polymerization of acrylonitrile. The kinetic equation of the system isR p ∞ [complex]0.5 [AN]. The value ofk p 2 /k t and energy of activation for the system are computed as 5.0×10−1 l mol−1 s−1 and 98.2 kJ mol−1, respectively. The polymerization is retarded by hydroquinone. The effect of polar and non-polar solvents has also been discussed. A possible mechanism for the reaction has also been proposed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Celik Z, Senvar CB (1972) Hacettepe: Bull Nat Sci Eng 1(1):58–75

  2. 2.

    Singh BC, Mohanty TR, Nayak PL (1975) J Macromol Sci Chem A9(7):1149–1163

  3. 3.

    Nayak Padma L, Samal Rajini K (1977) J Polym Sci Polym Chem Ed 15(11):2602–2611

  4. 4.

    Raut Anuradha, Raut Swayan: Singh BC, Santappa M (1977) Eur Polym J 13(6):497–499

  5. 5.

    Raut Anuradha, Singh BC, Santappa M (1976) Makromol Chem 179 (9):2709–2719

  6. 6.

    Nayak Padma L, Mohanty Trijama R, Samal Rajani K (1977) Makromol Chem 178(11):2978–2980

  7. 7.

    Mishra M, Mohanty AK, Singh BC (1988) Angew Makromol Chem 157:79–91

  8. 8.

    Wu Jinyuan, Yang Chaoxiong: Liang Zhenming (1987) Chihua Xuo bo 8(3):319–323

  9. 9.

    Mishra Sivanana, Sohu Gangadhar (1983) J Macromol Sci Chem A 19(1):129–145

  10. 10.

    Mishra Mehdra Kumar (1987) Angew Makromol Chem 150:113–122

  11. 11.

    Shukla P, Srivastava AK (1989) J Polym Sci 27:3811–3816

  12. 12.

    Shukla P, Srivastava AK (1989) Makromol Chem Rapid Comm 10:589–593

  13. 13.

    Shukla P, Srivastava AK (1991) Polymer International 25:159

  14. 14.

    Srivastava AK, Mathur GN (1981) Polymer 22:391

  15. 15.

    Brandrup J Immergent (1975) Polymer handbook, Second Ed., p. IV-9, Wiley, New York

  16. 16.

    Vasishtha R, Srivastava AK (1990) Polymer 31:150–152

  17. 17.

    Sneed MC, Brasted RC (1956) Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry 5:151

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shukla, P., Srivastava, A.K. Polymerization of acrylonitrile initiated by styrene-arsenic sulfide complex. Colloid Polym Sci 271, 241–245 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00652363

Download citation

Key words

  • Acrylonitrile
  • styrene-arsenic sulfide complex
  • radical polymerization
  • ideal kinetics and mechanism