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Psychopharmacology

, Volume 88, Issue 2, pp 237–239 | Cite as

Studies with {α2}-adrenoceptor agonists and alcohol abstinence syndrome in rats

  • Milind P. Parale
  • S. K. Kulkarni
Original Investigations

Abstract

Various α2-adrenoceptor agonists were assessed for their effects on alcohol abstinence syndrome in rats. In the first experimental model, groups of Wistar rats were made alcohol dependent by feeding alcohol together with sweetened milk for 15 days. The volume of fluid intake was measured every 12 h to determine daily ethanol consumption. Abstinence signs following abrupt alcohol withdrawal were observed in control as well as test groups receiving various α2-adrenoceptor agonists. Clonidine, guanfacine and B-HT 920, in equimolar concentration (0.5 μM/kg), effectively attenuated the various abstinence signs, which developed after alcohol withdrawal. In the other experimental model, rats were subjected to cold water immersion to induce wet shakes. The inhibitory action of α2-adrenoceptor agonists was assessed in this test model. Clonidine, guanfacine and B-HT 920 markedly suppressed the cold water immersion-induced wet shakes and pretreatment with yohimbine (0.1 and 2.0 μM/kg) reversed this inhibitory effect. The present data reveal the possible therapeutic potential of α2-adrenoceptor agonists in alleviating alcohol abstinence syndrome, and suggest that the resultant reduced noradrenergic activity may be responsible for the beneficial action.

Key words

B-HT 920 Guanfacine Yohimbine Naloxone Clonidine Alcohol withdrawal 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milind P. Parale
    • 1
  • S. K. Kulkarni
    • 1
  1. 1.Pharmacology Division, Department of Pharmaceutical SciencesPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

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