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Transfer free energies of some ions from water to dimethylsulfoxide-water and urea-water mixtures

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Abstract

The standard free energies of transfer (ΔG t o ) of some electrolytes from water to aqueous mixtures of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and of urea have been split into the contribution from individual ions by use of the reference electrolyte Ph 4 AsBPh 4 (RE), where Ph=phenyl. For each of the solvents, ΔG t o (Ph 4 AsBPh 4 ) was determined from the solubility products of the salts KBPh 4 , Ph 4 AsPi, and KPi, where Pi=picrate ion. The observed ΔG t o (i) values for the individual ions are strikingly different from the corresponding values obtained by the simultaneous extrapolation (SE) procedure reported earlier.

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Kundu, K.K., Das, A.K. Transfer free energies of some ions from water to dimethylsulfoxide-water and urea-water mixtures. J Solution Chem 8, 259–265 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00650743

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Key Words

  • Free energies of transfer
  • dimethylsulfoxide
  • urea
  • aqueous solvent mixtures
  • reference electrolyte (tetraphenylarsonium tetraphenylboride) assumption
  • ion-solvent interactions