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Thermodynamics of electrolyte mixtures. Activity and osmotic coefficients consistent with the higher-order limiting law for symmetrical mixing

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Abstract

The parameters for symmetrical mixing of ions of the same sign in the virial-coefficient (Pitzer) system are evaluated from literature data for 25°C in a manner consistent with the higher-order limiting law of Friedman. Twenty-four systems involve cation mixing with a common anion and fourteen involve anion mixing with a common cation. Heat of mixing data were similarly treated in a recent publication; the results give the temperature coefficients of some of these same parameters. The combined results yield the mixing parameters as functions of temperature on a basis both self-consistent and in accord with the limiting law. The results also yield, for a few systems without a common ion, predicted values in good agreement with experimental data.

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on leave from Liaoning University, Shenyang, China.

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Yang, J., Pitzer, K.S. Thermodynamics of electrolyte mixtures. Activity and osmotic coefficients consistent with the higher-order limiting law for symmetrical mixing. J Solution Chem 17, 909–924 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00649736

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Key words

  • Thermodynamics
  • electrolyte mixtures
  • activity coefficients
  • osmotic coefficients
  • Pitzer equations