The structure of the martensite in steel of the transition type depends on the conditions under which it was produced: when martensite results from treatment at −70°C there is a predominance of plate-like crystals containing twins. Cooling from high temperature tempering, leads to the formation of needle-like crystals alone without any sign of internal twinning.
The ultimate strength and the yield strength of martensite formed as the result of treatment at −70° are higher.
Stacking defects may be areas of preferential nucleation of martensite crystals and at the same time limit the growth of martensite crystals.
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A. P. Gulyaev and E. V. Petunina Metallographic Investigation of the Transformation of Austenite into Martensite [in Russian], Trudy TsNIITMASh, Book 47, Moscow, Mashgiz (1952).
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Translated from Metallovedenie i Termicheskaya Obrabotka Metallov, No. 10, pp. 49–51, October, 1964
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Spiridonov, V.B., Skakov, Y.A. & Iordanskii, V.N. Microstructure of martensite in chromium-nickel steel. Met Sci Heat Treat 6, 630–632 (1964). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00648705
- Yield Strength
- Time Limit
- Ultimate Strength