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Ion mobilities in DMF-water mixtures at 25°C

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Abstract

Densities and viscosities of mixtures of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) with water at 25°C have been determined. Limiting equivalent conductances of cesium chloride, potassium chloride, potassium bromide and potassium thiocyanate in these solvent mixtures at 25°C are presented together with corresponding values of ion association constants and distance of closest approach parameters. The transference number of the potassium ion has been determined in solvent mixtures ranging from 0 to 0.75 mol fraction in DMF in water at 25°C. The conductimetric Hittorf method has been used for both potassium bromide and potassium chloride in solutions of up to 0.496 mole fraction of DMF. For solutions of potassium thiocyanate in 0.5 and 0.75 mole fraction in DMF the cationic transference number has been determined using the moving boundary method. Stokes radii have been evaluated. Transport properties are examined in relation to-solvent properties such as composition, dielectric constant, excess volume of mixing and free volume.

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Chittleborough, G., James, C. & Steel, B. Ion mobilities in DMF-water mixtures at 25°C. J Solution Chem 17, 1043–1057 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00647800

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Key words

  • Density
  • viscosity
  • conductance
  • dimethylformamide
  • aqueous solution
  • mixed solvents
  • transference number
  • ionic conductance