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Intradiffusion coefficients of all species in aqueous gallium perchlorate solutions and solution viscosities at 25°C

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Abstract

Intradiffusion coefficients of all species (cation, anion and solvent) and viscosities have been measured for aqueous solutions of gallium perchlorate in the concentration range 0–2.3 mol-kg−1 at 25°C. The perchlorate ion intradiffusion measurements were made using36ClO 4 as the tracer species in diaphragm cell experiments. The development of a method to synthesize36ClO 4 from36Cl by electrolysis is described. The perchlorate intradiffusion coefficients results show a concentration dependence that is very similar to that for D(Cl) in corresponding trivalent metal chloride solutions. A simple hydration analysis based on all the transport results estimates a total (effective) cation hydration for gallium within a 0–2 mol-kg−1 range of 10 (±1.5).

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Price, W.E., Woolf, L.A. Intradiffusion coefficients of all species in aqueous gallium perchlorate solutions and solution viscosities at 25°C. J Solution Chem 22, 873–882 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00646599

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Key Words

  • Intradiffusion coefficients
  • gallium perchlorate
  • hydration
  • viscosity