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Hydrophobic interactions: Ionic mobilities of tetraphenylphosphonium chloride in aqueous solutions at 25°C

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Abstract

The present study provides systematic data of conductivity, transference number and apparent molal volume for Ph4PCl in water at 25°C over a concentration range 0.005–0.5 mol-l−1. Transference numbers have been measured by labelling the migrating species with radiotracers14C for Ph4P+ and36Cl for the anion. An unexpected concentration depenence for the transference numbers is observed that deviates markedly from that of a simple 1:1 electrolyte. Excess transport properties have been interpreted in terms of cation dimerization induced by hydrophobic interactions.

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Perie, M., Perie, J. & Chemla, M. Hydrophobic interactions: Ionic mobilities of tetraphenylphosphonium chloride in aqueous solutions at 25°C. J Solution Chem 17, 203–212 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00646174

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Key words

  • Transference numbers
  • ionic conductivity
  • apparent molal volumes
  • hydrophobic interactions