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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 27, Issue 23, pp 6481–6489 | Cite as

High temperature creep behaviour of an Ni-Cr-W-B alloy

  • H. M. Tawancy
Papers

Abstract

The high-temperature creep behaviour of a solid-solution strengthened Ni-Cr-W-B alloy was studied, with emphasis on microstructural parameters. Creep strength was determined from tests conducted at 925°C/40 MPa. Various techniques of analytical electron microscopy were used to characterize the microstructure and microchemical composition. A number of microstructural parameters which promote creep strength, including (1) pinning of grain boundaries by tungsten-rich M6C carbide, (2) relatively low stacking-fault energy, and (3) boron segregation to M23C6 carbide, were identified. However, their beneficial effects were suppressed by the initial presence of discontinuously precipitated M23C6 carbide at grain boundaries which accelerated intergranular cracking. Suppression of the discontinuous grainboundary reaction and a significant improvement in creep strength could be achieved by a proper heat treatment which appeared to induce a sufficiently high defect density promoting intragranular carbide precipitation. Competition between intergranular and intragranular precipitation was found to be influenced by an external stress. Strengthening by intragranular carbide precipitates appeared to occur by an attractive interaction with dislocations. Dislocations bowing out at subboundaries, cross-slip, motion of jogged screw dislocations and generation of dislocations at high-angle grain boundaries appeared to operate simultaneously as strain-producing mechanisms during steady-state creep.

Keywords

Creep Behaviour Creep Strength Microstructural Parameter Intergranular Crack M23C6 Carbide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. M. Tawancy
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Characterization Laboratory, Metrology, Standards and Materials Division, Research InstituteKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia

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