Mechanism and kinetics of the chemical interaction between liquid aluminium and silicon-carbide single crystals
- 323 Downloads
Previous investigations of phase equilibria in the ternary system Al-C-Si have shown that silicon carbide is attacked by pure aluminium at temperatures higher or equal to 923±3 K and up to about 1600 K, according to the chemical reaction: 4Al+3SiC ↔ Al4C3+3Si In the present work, a study has been carried out to obtain more detailed information on the mechanism and kinetics of this reaction. For that purpose, 6H silicon carbide platelets with broad Si (0 0 0 1) and C (0 0 0 ¯1) faces were isothermally heated at 1000 K in a large excess of liquid aluminium. Characterization of the resulting samples by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that the reaction proceeds in both faces via a dissolution-precipitation mechanism. However, the polarity of the substrate surface strikingly influences the rate at which silicon carbide decomposes: dissolution starts much more rapidly on the Si face than on the C face, but, while a barrier layer of aluminium carbide is formed on the Si face protecting it against further attack, the major part of the C face remains directly exposed to liquid aluminium and thus may continue to dissolve at a low but constant rate up to complete decomposition of the α-SiC crystal.
KeywordsCarbide Auger Silicon Carbide Ternary System Barrier Layer
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.T. Iseki, T. Maruyama andT. Kameda,J. Mater. Sci. 34 (1984) 241.Google Scholar
- 5.J. C. Viala, P. Fortier, C. Bernard andJ. Bouix,C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. 2299 (1984) 777.Google Scholar
- 11.K. Kannikeswaran andR. Y. Lin,J. Metals 39 (1987) 17.Google Scholar
- 16.H. L. Lukas in “Ternary alloys”, edited byG. Petzow andG. Effenberg (VCH Verlags, Weinheim, FRG, 1988) p. 540.Google Scholar
- 22.V. Laurent, Thesis, INPG, Grenoble, France, 4 November (1988).Google Scholar