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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 1989–1999 | Cite as

Rare-earth elements in permanent magnets and superconducting compounds and alloys (except new high Tc ceramics) as thin films, thin crystals and thinned bulk materials

  • M. Gasgnier
Review

Abstract

Over about 20 years the synthesis of new alloys and compounds has developed greatly. In the field of superconductor and permanent magnet materials one can claim a ‘true revolution’. The particular magnetic and electronic properties of the rare earth elements make them very attractive for the fabrication of new permanent magnets, which contain at least one rare earth element, is possibly only a step towards the elaboration of new alloys and/or compounds. This review paper recalls the results and properties relative to super magnets (since 1981) and superconductors (except the new Tc) (since 1960) as thin and thick films, thin crystals and thinned bulk materials up to 1988. This review shows how numerous research teams have followed different and various routes to increasingly improved specimens. Crystallographic and chemical interpretations and conclusions will be compared and discussed. Some applications will be described.

Keywords

Polymer Thin Film Rare Earth Research Team Magnet Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gasgnier
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire des Elements de Transition dans les SolidesC.N.R.S., U.P.R. 210Meudon CedexFrance

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