Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 27, Issue 14, pp 3879–3882 | Cite as

Synthesis of metal nitrides and carbide powders by a spark discharge method in liquid media

  • T. Sato
  • K. Usuki
  • A. Okuwaki
  • Y. Goto


Metal nitrides and carbides powders were synthesized by the spark discharge method in liquid ammonia at 100 °C and 11 kV of the spark discharge voltage and in n-heptane at 25 °C and 7.5 kV using the pellets of aluminum, titanium, iron and chromium as the starting material. The main products were AlN, TiN0.51, γ-Fe, β-Cr2N in liquid ammonia, and Al4C3, TiC, γ-Fe, Fe2C and Cr7C3 in n-heptane. The agglomerated particle size decreased with increasing melting point of the metal used as the starting material.


Iron Polymer Aluminum Particle Size Ammonia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W. Ishibashi, T Araki, K. Kishimoto and H. Kuno, Seramikkusu 6 (1971) 461.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Ishibashi, Funtai Oyobi Funmatsu Yakin 24 (1977) 107.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Idem, ibid. 24 (1977) 113.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Kumar and R. Roy, J. Mater. Res. 3 (1988) 1373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Idem, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 72 (1989) 354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Ono, R. W. Brown, J. H. Adair and P. Ravindranathan, Ceram. Powder Sci. III (1990) 313.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Tanaka, Y. Kaneko and H. Iwasaki, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn 98 (1990) 1296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    JCPDS 25-1133 (1975).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    JCPDS-38-1420 (1988).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. E. Toth, “Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides” (Academic Press, New York, London, 1971) p. 69.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    ASTM 5-0682.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. P. Bar, D. David, E. Etchessahar and J. Debuigne, Metall. Trans. 14A (1983) 1537.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    JCPDS 35-803 (1985).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. H. Jack, Proc. R. Soc. A 208 (1951) 200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Sato
    • 1
  • K. Usuki
    • 1
  • A. Okuwaki
    • 1
  • Y. Goto
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Chemistry and Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations