Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 27, Issue 20, pp 5561–5568 | Cite as

Structural, phase and morphological features of plasmachemically synthesized ultradispersed particles

  • G. P. Vissokov


An attempt has been made to characterize and explain some physical and physicochemical, including structural, phase and morphological features, of ultradispersed particles (UDP) of nitrides (Si3N4, AIN, TiN), oxides (Al2O3, FeO, Fe3O4, Fe2O3), metals (Fe) and catalysts (catalyst for ammonia synthesis), synthesized under electric arc low-temperature plasma (LTP) conditions. A relative decrease in the value of the crystal lattice period of up to 0.9% has been observed in ultradispersed powders with particle sizes up to 50 nm. For ultradispersed powders with admixtures, the crystal lattice period may decrease under the influence of the Laplace pressure or increase due to the introduction of admixtures in the main phase crystal lattice. The plasmachemically synthesized ultradispersed powders are built up by the respective high-temperature modifications which have minimum free surface energy, i.e. by phases with a maximum compact crystal lattice.


Al2O3 Fe2O3 Nitrides Free Surface Crystal Lattice 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. P. Vissokov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ElectronicsBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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