Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 27, Issue 20, pp 5453–5462 | Cite as

Failure behaviour of particulate-reinforced aluminium alloy composites under uniaxial tension

  • J. C. Lee
  • K. N. Subramanian


Tensile tests were carried out at room temperature on 6061-aluminium alloy reinforced with SiC and Al2O3 particulates. Although a significant increase in strength could be achieved by introducing ceramic reinforcements into the aluminium alloy matrix, it is associated with a substantial decrease in fracture strain. In order to understand the reason for the inferior ductility of such composites, analytical solutions were obtained using a simple composite model. SEM studies were carried out on the side surfaces of the fractured specimens to verify the proposed failure behaviour. Failure modes observed to operate in such composites under uniaxial tension are described.


Al2O3 Ductility Aluminium Alloy Tensile Test Uniaxial Tension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    N. Tsangarakis, B. O. Andrews and C. Cavallaro, J. Compos. Mater. 21 (1987) 481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. G. Nieh and D. J. Chellman, Scripta Metall. 18 (1984) 925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. J. Arsenault and S. B. Wu, ibid. 22 (1988) 767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. J. Arsenault, Mater. Sci. Engng 64 (1981) 171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Flom and R. J. Arsenault, J. Metals 38 (1986) 31.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. C. Nardone, Scripta Metall. 21 (1987) 1313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. H. Jones, C. A. Lavender and M. T. Smith, ibid. 21 (1987) 1565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. A. Longsdon and P. K. Liaw, Engng Fract. Mech. 24 (1986) 737.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Christman and S. Suresh, Mater. Sci. Engng 102 (1988) 211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. K. Shang, W. Yu and R. O. Ritchie, ibid. 102 (1988) 818.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. M. Hosking, F. F. Portillo, R. Wunderlin and R. Mehrabian, J. Mater. Sci. 17 (1982) 477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. A. Girot, J. M. Quenisset and R. Naslain, Compos. Sci. Technol. 30 (1987) 155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. C. Nardone and J. R. Strife, Metall. Trans. 18A (1987) 109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. S. Ravichandran, J. Metals 39 (1987) 28.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. J. Stephens, J. P. Lucas and F. M. Hosking, Scripta Metall. 22 (1988) 1307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. L. McDanels, Met. Trans. 16A (1985) 1105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. J. Arsenault and S. B. Wu, Mater. Sci. Engng 96 (1987) 77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. K. Vasudevan, O. Richmond, F. Zok and J. D. Emburg, ibid. A107 (1989) 63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Ohtsu, “Design and manufacturing of advanced composites” (ASM, Detroit, 1989) p. 187.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. J. Lloyd, H. Lagace, A. McLeod and P. L. Morris, Mater. Sci. Engng A107 (1989) 73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. R. Nutt and J. M. Duva, Scripta Metall. 20 (1986) 1055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. R. Nutt and A. Needleman, ibid. 21 (1987) 705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. J. Lowandowski, C. Liu and W. H. Hunt, Mater. Sci. Engng 107A (1989) 241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. P. You, A. W. Thompson and I. M. Bernstein, Scripta Metall. 21 (1987) 181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. Christman, A. Needleman, S. Nutt and S. Suresh, Mater. Sci. Engng 107A (1989) 49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. M. Janowski and B. J. Pletaka, ibid. A129 (1990) 65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    N. I. Muskhelishvili, “Some basic problems of the mathematical theory of elasticity” (Noordhoff, Groningen, Holland, 1953) pp. 215–16.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Y. S. Touloukian (ed.) “Thermophysical properties of high temperature solid materials, Vol. 6, part I (Thermophysical properties research center, Purdue University, 1967).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Y. Flom and R. J. Arsenault, Mater. Sci. Engng 77 (1986) 191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    T. Iseki, T. Kameda and T. Maruyama, J. Mater. Sci. 19 (1984) 1692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. J. Arsenault and M. Taya, Acta Metall. 35 (1987) 651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Lee
    • 1
  • K. N. Subramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgy, Mechanics and Materials ScienceMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations