The photoelectrochemical solar cell properties of chemically deposited n-CdSe films were studied before and after Zn2+ surface modification. It was shown that the surface properties underwent conceivable changes after Zn2+ treatment. The current-voltage characteristics in the dark showed a significant decrease in reverse saturation current density, J0, from 5.4×10−7 to 1.2×10−9 A cm−2 and in ideality factor, n, from 2.46 to 1.27. Under AM1 illumination, other parameters have been found to be considerably enchanced, e.g. the open-circuit photovoltage, Voc, increased from 0.53 to 0.85 V with respect to SCE; the short-circuit photocurrent density, Jsc, from 2.62 to 8.35 mA cm−2; fill factor from 0.38 to 0.62 and the minority carrier diffusion length, Lp, from 0.16 to 0.22 μm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic data on the Zn2+-modified CdSe showed the formation of metallic Zn islets and a thin layer of SeO2 on the surface. All these important improvements of the CdSe PEC properties may be attributed to the redistribution of active interface states within the band gap due to strong interaction of the electrodepositive Zn2+ ions. Support for these observations were obtained by sub-band gap response studies, contact potential difference measurements in N2 ambient and the estimation of the surface recombination velocities before and after modification.
SeO2 Photocurrent Density Contact Potential Difference Surface Recombination Velocity Saturation Current Density
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