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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 27, Issue 10, pp 2731–2733 | Cite as

Valence determination of titanium and iron using electron energy loss spectroscopy

  • M. Sankararaman
  • D. Perry
Papers

Abstract

A method of determining the valence state of titanium and iron in ceramic materials using the electron energy loss spectroscopy is given. In this method the L2,3 loss edges of a standard are determined and the unknown valence state is determined by observing its spectrum and comparing it to the established standard.

Keywords

Iron Polymer Spectroscopy Titanium Energy Loss 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Sankararaman
    • 1
  • D. Perry
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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