Creep-rupture properties and grain-boundary sliding in wrought cobalt-base HS-21 alloys at high temperatures
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The effects of serrated grain boundaries on the creep-rupture properties of wrought cobaltbase HS-21 alloys were investigated at 1311 and 1422 K. The amount of grain-boundary sliding and the initiation and growth of grain-boundary cracks were also examined during creep at 1311 K. Specimens with serrated grain boundaries exhibited longer rupture life and larger rupture ductility than those with straight grain boundaries, but these specimens had almost the same rupture life and rupture ductility under lower stresses at 1422 K, because serrated grain boundaries were also formed in specimens with originally straight grain boundaries. The average amount of grain-boundary sliding during creep at 1311 K increased with time (or with creep strain), but was almost the same in both specimens with serrated grain boundaries and those with straight grain boundaries at the same creep strain. Grain-boundary cracks or voids initiated in the early stage of creep in those specimens at 1311 K. Therefore, the strengthening by serrated grain boundaries at high temperatures above about 1311 K was attributed to the retardation of growth and linkage of grain-boundary cracks and voids.
KeywordsPolymer Ductility Average Amount Lower Stress Creep Strain
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