Advertisement

Archives of oto-rhino-laryngology

, Volume 233, Issue 1, pp 1–12 | Cite as

Development of surface-recorded cochlear and early neural potentials in the cat

  • E. Laukli
  • I. W. S. Mair
Article

Summary

The development of the surface-recorded cochlear and early neural potentials has been studied in the cat from birth to the 8th post-natal week. CM, SP, and each of the neural waves has a characteristic temporal developmental pattern and mature threshold. Wave IV is the most resistant to reduction in stimulus intensity levels, while the thresholds of both cochlear potentials are high. Animals with hereditary unilateral deafness constitute a most convenient model for the study of functional maturation in the auditory pathways, particularly with regard to precise latency estimations.

Key words

CM SP Brainstem response Cat Development 

Entwicklung der an der Oberfläche registrierten cochlearen und frühen neuralen Potentiale bei der Katze

Zusammenfassung

Die Entwicklung der an der Oberfläche registrierten cochlearen und frühen neuralen Potentiale wurde bei der Katze von der Geburt bis zur 8. Woche studiert.

CM, SP und jeder der neuralen Wellen haben ein charakteristisches altersbedingtes Entwicklungsmuster und eine Responsschwelle.

Welle IV wird am wenigsten von einer Reduktion in der Stimulusintensität beeinflußt. Die Schwelle der beiden cochlearen Potentiale sind dagegen erhöht. Tiere mit angeborener einseitiger Taubheit sind bestens geeignet für das Studium der funktionellen Reifung der Gehörbahnen, besonders in bezug auf die exakten Latenzzeitmessungen.

Schlüsselwörter

CM SP Hirnstamm-Reaktion Katze Entwicklung 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Achor LJ, Starr A (1980) Auditory brain stem responses in the cat. I. Intracranial and extracranial recordings. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 48: 154–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ainslie PJ, Boston JR (1980) Comparison of brain stem auditory evoked potentials for monaural and binaural stimuli. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 49:291–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alford BR, Ruben RJ (1963) Physiological behavioural and anatomical correlates of the development of hearing in the mouse. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 72:237–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aran J-M, Le Bert G (1968) Les réponses nerveuses cochléaires chez l'homme image du fonctionnement de l'oreille et nouveau test d'audiométrie objective. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord) 89:361–378Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barratt H (1980) Investigation of the mastoid electrode contribution to the brain stem auditory evoked response. Scand Audiol 9:203–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bauch CD, Rose DE, Harner SG (1980) Brainstem responses to tone pip and click stimuli. Ear Hear 1:181–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cohen D, Sohmer H (1977) Comparison of earlobe and promontorium recording sites in electrocochleography. Audiology 16:462–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dallos P, Schoeny ZG, Cheatham MA (1972) Cochlear summating potentials. Descriptive aspects. Acta Otolaryngol [Suppl] (Stockh) 302:1–46Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dobie RA, Norton SJ (1980) Binaural interaction in human auditory evoked potentials. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 49:303–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Durrant JD, Ronis ML (1975) Remote extracochlear versus intracochlear recordings in the guinea pig. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 84: 88–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Eggermont JJ (1976) Summating potentials in electrocochleography: relation to hearing disorders. In: Ruben RJ, Elberling C, Salomon G (eds) Electrocochleography. University Park Press, Baltimore, pp 67–87Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Eggermont JJ, Odenthal DW (1974) Action potentials and summating potentials in the normal human cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol [Suppl] (Stockh) 316:39–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Elberling C (1973) Transitions in cochlear action potentials recorded from the ear canal in man. Scand Audiol 2:151–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Elverland HH, Godtliebsen O, Kayed K, Mair IWS (1975) Non-surgical recording of auditory pathway function in cats. Arch Otorhinolaryngol (NY) 211:249–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Henry KR (1980) Effects of noise, hypothermia and barbiturate on cochlear electrical activity. Audiology 19:44–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Henry KR, Chole RA (1979) Cochlear electrical activity in the C57BL/6 laboratory mouse: volume-conducted vertex and round window responses. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 87:61–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Henry KR, Lepkowski CM (1978) Evoked potential correlates of genetic progressive hearing loss. Age-related changes from the ear to the inferior colliculus of C57BL/6 and CBA/J mice. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 86:366–374Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jewett DL, Romano MN (1972) Neonatal development of auditory system potentials averaged from the scalp of rat and cat. Brain Res 36:101–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Laukli E, Mair IWS (1981) Early auditory evoked response: filter effects. Audiology (in press)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mair IWS, Elverland HH, Laukli E (1978) Development of early auditory evoked responses in the cat. Audiology 17:469–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mair IWS, Elverland HH, Laukli E (1978). Bilateral recording of early auditory evoked responses in the cat. Hearing Res 1:11–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mair IWS, Elverland HH, Laukli E (1979) Brain-stem responses of the cat and interaural attenuation. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 222:113–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Martin JL, Coats AC (1973) Short-latency auditory evoked responses recorded from human nasopharynx. Brain Res 60: 496–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Neff WD, Hind JE (1955) Auditory thresholds of the cat. J Acoust Soc Am 27:480–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Peake WT (1960) An analytical study of electric responses at the periphery of the auditory system. MIT Technical Report No 365Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Plonsey R (1969) Bioelectric Phenomena. McGraw-Hill Book Co, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pujol R, Hilding D (1973) Anatomy and physiology of the onset of auditory function. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 76:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Rosenblith WA, Rosenzweig MR (1951) Electrical responses to acoustic clicks: influence of electrode location in cats. J Acoust Soc Am 23: 583–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Salamy A, McKean CM (1976) Postnatal development of human brainstem potentials during the first year of life. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 40:418–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Schwent VL, Jewett DL (1980) Far-field cochlear microphonic responses to continuous pure tones recorded from the scalps of cats. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 48:527–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Shipley C, Buchwald JS, Norman R, Guthrie D (1980) Brain stem auditory evoked response development in the kitten. Brain Res 182:313–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sohmer H, Pratt H (1976) Recording of the cochlear microphonic potential with surface electrodes. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 40:253–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Starr A, Amlie RN, Martin WH, Sanders S (1977) Development of auditory function in newborn infants revealed by auditory brain stem potentials. Pediatrics 60: 831–839PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tasaki I (1954) Nerve impulses in individual auditory nerve fibers of guinea pig. J Neurophysiol 17:97–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Terkildsen K, Osterhammel P, Huis in't Veld F (1973) Electrocochleography with a far field technique. Scand Audiol 2:141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Terkildsen K, Osterhammel P, Huis in't Veld F (1974) Far field electrocochleography, electrode positions. Scand Audiol 3:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yoshie N (1968) Auditory nerve action potential responses to clicks in man. Laryngoscope 78:195–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yoshie N, Yamaura K (1969) Cochlear microphonic responses to pure tones in man recorded by a non-surgical method. Acta Otolaryngol [Suppl] (Stockh) 252:37–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Laukli
    • 1
  • I. W. S. Mair
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, Institute of Clinical MedicineUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway

Personalised recommendations