Selective formation of Na-X zeolite from coal fly ash by fusion with sodium hydroxide prior to hydrothermal reaction
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Hydrothermal treatment of fly ash with alkali gives various types of zeolites such as Na-Pl, Na-A and hydroxysodalite, where the zeolite zone was formed like an egg white, covering the central core of fly ash particles, as evinced in the previous paper. By fusion with sodium hydroxide, most of the fly ash particles were converted into sodium salts such as silicate and aluminate, from which hydrothermal reaction without stirring favourably resulted in the formation of Na-X zeolite. Crystallinity of Na-X zeolite as high as 62% was attained at the optimum condition of NaOH/fly ash = 1.2 and a fusion temperature of 823 K. Fly ash contains 14 wt% mullite (3Al2O3·2SiO2), which was revealed to be a less-active crystalline component for zeolite formation. Aluminium-enriched fly ash gave Na-A in place of Na-X zeolite. Scanning electron microscope images of cubic and octahedral crystals characteristic of Na-A and Na-X zeolite, respectively, obtained from fly ash, are given.
KeywordsZeolite Scan Electron Microscope Image Sodium Hydroxide Hydrothermal Treatment Electron Microscope Image
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