Effects of changes in strain path on the anisotropy of yield stresses of low-carbon steel and 70-30 brass sheets
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Uniaxial tensile tests in various directions following uniaxial extension, equibiaxial stretching or plane strain rolling have been performed to study the effects of changes in strain path on the anisotropy of yield stresses of aluminium-killed low-carbon steel and 70-30 brass sheets. The anisotropy could be predicted from the specimen textures, if dislocation structure were equiaxed, as in the case of equibiaxial stretching. However, elongated dislocation cell structures, developed in the steel specimens prestrained in uniaxial tension or plane strain rolling, gave rise to the second-stage yield stresses higher than predicted from textures in the directions different from the maximum prestrain direction. Planar dislocation structures in the brass specimens prestrained in uniaxial tension or plane strain rolling gave the second-stage yield stresses lower than predicted from the textures in the directions different from the maximum prestrain direction. The phenomena are discussed based on textures and dislocation structures.
KeywordsAnisotropy Tensile Test Cell Structure Uniaxial Tension Dislocation Structure
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