The effect of MgAl2O4 on the formation kinetics of Al2TiO5 from Al2O3 and TiO2 fine powders
- 157 Downloads
The formation of Al2(1−x)MgxTi(1+x)O5 solid solutions from Al2O3-TiO2-MgAl2O4 powder mixtures of ≈1 μm particle size and moderate purity has been studied at 1300°C for different final composition values: x=0 (“pure” Al2TiO5), 10−3, 10−2 and 10−1. Analysis of the kinetic data and microstructural observation indicates that MgAl2O4 affects the mechanism of Al2TiO5 formation by providing active nuclei for the growth of the new phase. These nuclei are probably constituted by Mg0.5AlTi1.5O5, i.e. the equimolar Al2TiO5-MgTi2O5 solid solution, and are formed by reaction between MgAl2O4 and TiO2 at temperatures above ≈ 1150 °C. As the value of x increases, the number of titanate particles per unit volume accordingly increases and the conversion of the original oxides is faster. At values of x⩽10−2, the prevailing mechanism is the nucleation and growth of Al2TiO5 nodules for fractional conversion up to ≈ 0.8. Further conversion of the residual Al2O3 and TiO2 particles dispersed into the titanate nodules is slower and controlled by solid-state diffusion through Al2TiO5. At x=0.1, a large number of nucleation sites is present, and solid-state diffusion through Al2TiO5 becomes important even in the initial stage of reaction, as the diffusion distances are strongly reduced. The study of Al2TiO5 formation under non-isothermal conditions in the temperature range 1250–1550°C shows that reaction proceeds between 1300 and 1350 °C for x=0.01 and between 1250 and 1300 °C for x=0.1. Densification of the titanate becomes important at temperatures above 1300°C for x=0.1, but only above 1450 °C for x=0.01.
KeywordsTiO2 Al2O3 Titanate TiO2 Particle MgAl2O4
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.P. Stingl, J. Heinrich and J. Huber, in “Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Ceramic Materials and Components for Engines”, Lübeck-Travemünde, FRG, April 1986, edited by W. Bunk and H. Hausner (DKG, Bad Honnef, 1986) p. 369.Google Scholar
- 11.V. Buscaglia, M. Alvazzi Delfrate, P. Nanni, M. Leoni and C. Bottino, in “Proceedings of the 8th CIMTEC-World Ceramic Congress and Forum on New Materials”, Florence, June 1994, edited by P. Vincenzini (Techna, Faenza, Italy) 3C, p. 1867Google Scholar
- 12.R. W. G. Wyckoff, “Crystal Structures”, Vols 1 and 3 (Krieger, Malabar, FL, 1981).Google Scholar
- 15.J. W. Christian, “The theory of transformations in metals and alloys”, Part I (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1981) Ch. 12.Google Scholar
- 16.E. E. Underwood. “Quantitative stereology” (Addison Wesley, Reading, 1970) p. 91.Google Scholar
- 17.O. Knacke, O. Kubaschewski and K. Hesselmann, “Thermochemical properties of inorganic substances” (Springer, Berlin, 1991).Google Scholar
- 18.M. W. Jr Chase, C. A. Davies, J. R. Jr Downey, D. J. Frurip, R. A. McDonald and A. N. Syverud, “JANAF Thermochemical Tables”, 3rd Edn (National Bureau of Standards, Washington, DC, 1985).Google Scholar
- 21.B. Freudenberg, PhD thesis 709, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland (1988).Google Scholar
- 25.A. Atkinson, Adv. Ceram. 23 (1987) 3.Google Scholar
- 26.A. M. Ginstling and B. I. Brounshtein, J. Appl. Chem. USSR 23 (1950) 1327.Google Scholar
- 27.K. Ando and M. Momoda, Adv. Ceram. 23 (1987) 137.Google Scholar