High-temperature X-ray structural, thermal and dielectric characteristics of ferroelectric Bi2VO5.5
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The X-ray powder diffraction, dielectric and thermal studies of bismuth vanadate (Bi2VO5.5) ceramic have been carried out as a function of temperature (300–900 K). The hightemperature X-ray studies, supported by differential scanning calorimetry, clearly demonstrate that Bi2VO5.5 undergoes two major phase transitions at ∼730 and ∼835 K. It was found that the one at 730 K is associated with both the ferroelectric and the crystallographic transition, while at 835 K, Bi2VO5.5 undergoes only the crystallographic transition. Anomalies in both the dielectric constant and specific heat curves have been observed at ∼ 730 and ∼ 835 K. The total heat, ΔQ, and entropy, ΔS, associated with the transition at 730 K were found to be higher than those at 835 K.
KeywordsEntropy Total Heat Phase Transition Differential Scanning Calorimetry Dielectric Constant
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