Property-microstructure correlation in in situ formed Al2O3, TiB2 and Al3Ti mixture-reinforced aluminium composites
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The in situ formed Al2O3, TiB2 and Al3Ti mixture-reinforced aluminium composites were successfully fabricated by the reaction sintering of the TiO2-B-Al system in a vacuum. With increasing boron content in the TiO2-B-Al system, the amount of generated TiB2 in the composites increased and Al3Ti content decreased. At the same time the distribution uniformity of the in situ formed Al2O3 and TiB2 particulates was obviously improved, and the size of the Al3Ti particles was reduced. The in situ Al2O3 and TiB2 particulates had sizes from 0.096–1.88 μm. The interface between the in situ formed particulates and the aluminium matrix was clean, and no consistent crystallographic orientation relationship was found. The strength and elastic modulus of the composites was significantly improved by lowering the Al3Ti content. When the boron content in the TiO2-B-Al system rose, the morphology of the tensile fracture surface of the composites was changed from large fractured Al3Ti blocks and fine dimples, to fine dimples and pulled-out particulates. The strengthening and fracture of the composites have been modelled.
KeywordsAl2O3 Boron Elastic Modulus Fracture Surface Orientation Relationship
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