Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 573–579 | Cite as

Liquid phase sintering of bimodal size distributed alumina powder mixtures

  • S. Taruta
  • T. Takano
  • N. Takusagawa
  • K. Okada
  • N. Ōtsuka
Papers

Abstract

Fine and coarse alumina powder mixtures (non-additive specimen) and those containing the additive formed liquid phase during firing (additive specimen) were compacted and fired at 1400–1600°C. Liquid phase sintering proceeded markedly at 1400–1500°C and additive specimens had much higher relative density than non-additive specimens at 1500°C. As the liquid phase sintering proceeded, the open pore volume decreased abruptly, but the open pore size changed depending on the packing structure. The open pore size decreased in the specimens where the fine particles formed matrix structure, while it increased in the specimens where the coarse particles formed skeletal structure. At 1600°C all additive specimens having different mixing ratios of fine and coarse powders had similar microstructure and the same relative density of 97%. However, spherical large pores were formed and remained in all additive specimens even at 1600°C. The bending strength of those specimens was about 400 MPa.

Keywords

Relative Density Pore Volume Fine Particle Coarse Particle Matrix Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    G. L. MESSING and G. Y. ONODA Jr, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 61 (1978) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. TARUTA, K. OKADA and N. ŌTSUKA, Seramikkusu Ronbunshi 96 (1988) 146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Idem, ibid. 98 (1990) 29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. TARUTA, K. KITAJIMA, N. TAKUSAGAWA, K. OKADA and N. ŌTSUKA, ibid. 99 (1991) 1189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. TARUTA, K. KITAJIMA, N. TAKUSAGAWA, Y. TAKAGI, K. OKADA and N. ŌTSUKA, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 12 (1993) 424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. TARUTA, K. KITAJIMA, N. TAKUSAGAWA, K. OKADA and N. ŌTSUKA, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn 101 (1993) 583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. TARUTA, K. KAWASHIMA, K. KITAJIMA, N. TAKUSAGAWA, K. OKADA and N. ŌTSUKA, ibid. 102 (1994) 139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. M. LEVIN, C. R. ROBBINS and H. F. MCMURDIE, “Phase Diagrams for Ceramist” (The American Ceramic Society, Columbus, OH, 1964) p. 246.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. K. MCGEARY, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 44 (1961) 513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. M. GERMAN, “Liquid Phase Sintering” (Plenum Press, New York, London, 1985) p. 85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    O. H. KWON and G. L. MESSING, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 73 (1990) 275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Taruta
    • 1
  • T. Takano
    • 1
  • N. Takusagawa
    • 1
  • K. Okada
    • 2
  • N. Ōtsuka
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Material Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringShinshu UniversityNaganoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Inorganic Materials, Faculty of EngineeringTokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Materials, Faculty of Science and EngineeringThe Nishi Tokyo UniversityKitatsuru-gun YamanashiJapan

Personalised recommendations