Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 22, pp 5852–5858 | Cite as

Microstructure and tensile properties of AISI 316 stainless steel electron-beam cladded on C40 mild steel

  • S. Tosto
  • F. Nenci
  • Hu Jiandong


A 60 kV electron-beam equipment was used to clad an AISI 316 stainless steel plate on C40 plain carbon steel. A homogeneous coating of stainless steel was obtained. The microstructure of the clad layer consisted of delta-ferrite, austenite, M6C carbide and martensite twinned on 112 crystal faces. The austenite has a heavily dislocated substructure and is characterized by intrinsic stacking faults. The crystallographic relationship between austenite and martensite was consistent with the Kurdjumov-Sachs relationship: {101} martensite∥{111} austenite and {111} martensite∥{101} austenite M6C and austenite followed a relationship such as (110) M6C∥(110) austenite and (111) M6C∥(111) austenite.


Polymer Microstructure Carbide Stainless Steel Austenite 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Tosto
    • 1
  • F. Nenci
    • 1
  • Hu Jiandong
    • 1
  1. 1.ENEA CRE CasacciaRomaItaly

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