Synthesis of amorphous and metastable Ti40Al60 alloys by mechanical alloying of elemental powders
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Ti40Al60 amorphous and metastable alloys have been prepared by mechanical alloying (MA), under controlled milling conditions in a planetary mill. Three different quantities of kinetic energy at the collision instant have been achieved by using balls of different size, φb = 5, 8 and 12 mm, keeping constant all other device parameters. Assuming the collision between the balls and the vial walls to be inelastic, during the early stage of alloying, the amount of energy transferred to the trapped powder could be estimated. The experimental results show that the milling with balls of diameter φb = 5 or 8 mm leads to a solid-state amorphization of the Ti40Al60 mixture, through the attainment of a supersaturated solid solution of aluminium into α-titanium. Otherwise, the milling causes the nucleation of the A1-fcc disordered form of the TiAl intermetallic compound. The end products of MA-induced solid-state reaction (SSR) have been ascribed to the different temperature reached by the powder during each collision and to the reaction time scale for the formation of the amorphous phase, δta, and for the nucleation of the non-equilibrium intermetallic compound, δtd. Differential scanning calorimetry has indicated that the crystallization of amorphous samples follows a two-step reaction. At a temperature Tc≈400 °C, the amorphous phase crystallizes into the A1 -fcc. TiAl phase having a measured heat of crystallization of 6.2 kJ(g at)−1. Upon further heating, the system undergoes A1 → L1o reordering transition with an enthalpy release of about 3.2 kJ (g at)−1.
KeywordsDifferential Scanning Calorimetry Milling Intermetallic Compound Amorphous Phase Mechanical Alloy
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