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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 14, pp 3691–3701 | Cite as

Conductivity measurements of various yttria-stabilized zirconia samples

  • J. Van Herle
  • A. J. McEvoy
  • K. Ravindranathan Thampi
Article

Abstract

Samples of yttria-stabilized zirconia manufactured by the following fabrication procedures, were obtained from commercial sources: (i) hot isostatic pressing; (ii) tape casting; (iii) vacuum plasma spraying, and (iv) calendering. The ionic conductivities of these samples were measured by (a) impedance spectroscopy; (b) the four-point probe method; (c) the current-interruption technique, and (d) the van der Pauw technique. The tape-cast and hot pressed samples showed good and very reproducible conductivity values. The vacuum plasma sprayed samples showed an anisotropy in their conductivity, with the cross-plane value being several times lower than the in-plane value. A simple model based on the porous microstructure of these samples can explain this observation. Sintering of the plasma sprayed samples minimized the anisotropy and significantly improved their conductivity values. The calendered samples also showed a similar anisotropy in their conductivity data when they were inadequately sintered.

Keywords

Anisotropy Ionic Conductivity Impedance Spectroscopy Conductivity Measurement Probe Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Van Herle
    • 1
  • A. J. McEvoy
    • 1
  • K. Ravindranathan Thampi
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Chimie Physique IIEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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