Effects of high-temperature ageing on the creep-rupture properties of high-tungsten cobalt-base superalloys
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The effects of high-temperature ageing on creep-rupture properties were studied using cobalt-base superalloys containing about 14–20 wt% tungsten (W) at 1089 K (816 °C) and 1 311 K (1038 °C) in air. A high-temperature ageing for 1080 ks at 1273 K after solution treatment caused grain-boundary and matrix precipitates of W solid solution and carbide phases in these alloys, and grain boundaries were serrated especially in the alloys with higher W content. The high-temperature ageing largely improved the rupture life in the alloys with higher W content, particularly under lower stresses at 1089 K, whereas it caused the creep ductility to decrease a little in the alloy containing 20% W. The high-temperature ageing also improved the rupture life without decreasing creep ductility in these alloys under higher stresses at 1311 K. Under the same ageing conditions of 1080 ks at 1273 K, the initiation of grain-boundary cracks was retarded in the solution-treated and aged specimens, as well as in the aged specimens with serrated grain boundaries, for the alloys with higher W content at both 1089 and 1311 K. A large amount of grain-boundary serration also occurred in the non-aged specimens of the alloys with higher W content during creep at 1311 K, and contributed to the strengthening of the alloys. The solution-treated and aged specimen had almost the same rupture strength as the aged specimens with serrated grain boundaries in these cobalt-base alloys. The rupture strength of the solution-treated and aged specimens largely increased with increasing W content under the lower stresses at 1089 K and under the higher stresses at 1311 K. A ductile grain-boundary fracture surface, which was composed of dimples and grain-boundary ledges associated with grain-boundary precipitates, was observed in the solution-treated and aged specimens, as well as in the aged specimens with serrated grain boundaries at both 1089 and 1311 K. The fracture surface of the non-aged specimens was a brittle grain-boundary facet at 1089 K, but it became a ductile grain-boundary fracture surface, as serrated grain boundaries were formed owing to grain-boundary precipitates occurring during creep at 1311 K.
KeywordsCarbide Tungsten High Stress Lower Stress Solution Treatment
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