Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 22, pp 5621–5631 | Cite as

Effect of matrix liquid phase on interphase formation in SiC fibre-reinforced Si2N2O-Al2O3-CaO composites

  • Hyun -Ho Shin
  • Y. Berta
  • R. F. Speyer


Matrix compositions based on Si2N2O, with Al2O3 and CaO additions, were used to hot press Nicalon SiC fibre-reinforced composites at 1600 °C. With both CaO and Al2O3 additions, eutectic melting formed an appreciable volume of liquid phase during hot pressing, which remained as a stable glassy phase in the cooled composites. This liquid phase fostered formation of ∼240 nm thick carbon-rich interphases between the fibres and the matrix. These interphases showed relatively low interfacial shear strength and resulted in composites which showed non-catastrophic, notch-independent fracture. Matrices using either Al2O3 or CaO did not form adequate liquid phase to form coarse interphases, and fracture was catastrophic in nature. Post-heat treatment of the composites at 1000 °C showed peripheral oxidation (removal of the carbon content of the interphase) indicating limited protection afforded when glassy phase was present in the matrix. Controlled cooling in the hot press did not cause the liquid regions to devitrify.


Al2O3 Liquid Phase Shear Strength Interfacial Shear Glassy Phase 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyun -Ho Shin
    • 1
  • Y. Berta
    • 1
  • R. F. Speyer
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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