Fabrication and mechanical behaviour of Al2O3/Mo nanocomposites
- 274 Downloads
Two types of Al2O3/Mo composites were fabricated by hot-pressing a mixture of γ- or α-Al2O3 powder and a fine molybdenum powder. For Al2O3/5 vol% Mo composite using γ-Al2O3 as a starting powder, the elongated molybdenum layers were observed to surround a part of the Al2O3 grains, which resulted in an apparent high value of fracture toughness (7.1 Mpa m1/2). In the system using α-Al2O3 as a starting powder, nanometre sized molybdenum particles were dispersed within the Al2O3 grains and at the grain boundaries. Thus, it was confirmed that ceramic/metal nanocomposite was successfully fabricated in the Al2O3/Mo composite system. With increasing molybdenum content, the elongated molybdenum particles were formed at Al2O3 grain boundaries. Considerable improvements of mechanical properties were observed, such as hardness of 19.2 GPa, fracture strength of 884 MPa and toughness of 7.6 MPa m1/2 in the composites containing 5, 7.5, 20 vol% Mo, respectively; however, they were not enhanced simultaneously. The relationships between microstructure and mechanical properties are also discussed.
KeywordsMicrostructure Mechanical Property Al2O3 Molybdenum Fracture Toughness
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.N. Claussen, J. Steeb and R. F. Pabst, Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 56 (1977) 559.Google Scholar
- 4.K. M. Prewo, J. J. Brennan and G. K. Layden, Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 65 (1986) 305.Google Scholar
- 5.P. Hing, Sci. Ceram. 10 (1980) 521.Google Scholar
- 8.Y. Naerheim, Powder Metall. Int. 18 (1986) 158.Google Scholar
- 9.S. A. Cho, M. Puerta, B. Cols and J. C. Ohep, ibid. 12 (1980) 192.Google Scholar
- 12.K. Niihara, A. Nakahira, G. Sasaki and M. Hirabayashi, in “Proceeding of MRS Meeting on Advanced Materials” (Plenum, Tokyo, 1988) p. 129.Google Scholar
- 14.D. B. Marhall and A. G. Evans, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64 (1981) C-182.Google Scholar
- 15.Ernest M. Levin and Howard F. McMurdie, “Phase diagrams for ceramists” (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, OH, 1975) Fig. 4158.Google Scholar
- 17.C. S. Smithells, “Metals References Book”, Vol. 3 (Butterworths, London, 1967) p. 917.Google Scholar
- 18.P. M. Sargent and T. F. Page, Proc. Br. Ceram. Soc. 26 (1978) 209.Google Scholar