Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 824–833 | Cite as

Modification of polyurethane with wholly-rigid poly (m-phenylene isophthalamide)

  • Ming-Fung Lin
  • Yao-Chi Shu


Flexible polyurethane (PU) was reinforced by wholly-rigid aromatic polyamide poly (m-phenylene isophthalamide) (PmlA) (Nomex) by physical polyblending and chemical copolymerization. Three polyurethane elastomers were blended physically with various amounts of high molecular weight Nomex to form twelve PU/Nomex polyblends in order to modify their physical properties. Also three multiblock copolyamides (PU-Nomex)were synthesised with a low molecular weight diamine-terminated Nomex prepolymer as a hydrogen donor for chain extending. From differential scanning calorimetry and Rheovibron measurements it was shown that both the polyblends and multiblock copolyamides exhibited a glass transition temperature under 0 °C and had a higher storage modulus, E′, than those of the polyurethane. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the polyblends and multiblock copolyamides had a dispersed phase structure. From the wide-angle X-ray diffraction pattern of the polyurethane and multiblock copolyamides it was found that the degree of stress-induced crystallization was dependent on the composition of the soft and hard segments and also the degree of its stretching. With regard to mechanical properties, it was found that both the tensile strength and elongation of the multiblock copolyamides had a more significant reinforcing effect than those of the polyblends and polyurethanes.


Tensile Strength Differential Scanning Calorimetry Polyurethane Glass Transition Temperature Copolymerization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. R. Shiao and H. H. Wang, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 9 (1990) 1259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Idem, J. Mater. Sci. 27 (1992) 3062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. H. Wang and K. R. Shiao, Chin. J. Mater. Sci. 23 (1991) 14.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. H. Wang and W. L. Chen, J. Polym. Sci. 27 (1989) 1359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Takayanagi, Polym. J. 19(1) (1987) 21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Takayanagi, S. Ueta, W. Y. Lei, and K. Koga, ibid. 19(5) (1987) 467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. H. Wang, F. M. Lin, and W. L. Hsu, Chin. J. Mater. Sci. 22 (1990) 223.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Preston, Appl. Polym Symp. 9 (1969) 75.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. H. Wang and W. L. Chen, Chin. J. Mater. Sci. 20 (1988) 86.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Herlinger, Die. Angew. Makromol. Chem. 40 (1974) 89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Hepburn, “Polyurethane Elastomer” (Applied Science, London, New York, 1982) p. 28.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. H. Wang and M. F. Lin, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 43 (1991) 259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Bonart, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. Phys. B2(1) (1968) 115.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. E. Wilkes and C. S. Yusek, J. Macromol. Sci. Phys. B7(1) (1973) 157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Bonart, L. Morbitzer and G. Herntze, ibid. B3(2) (1969) 337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. Bonart, L. Morbitzer and E. H. Muller, ibid. B9(3) (1974) 447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Takayangi, T. Ogata, M. Morikawa and T. Kai, ibid. 17 (1980) 591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. Ito, M. Ogami, T. Kajiyama and M. Takayangi, ibid. 21 (1982) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    K. Koga, S. Ueta and M. Takayanagi, Polym. J. 20(8) (1988) 639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ming-Fung Lin
    • 1
  • Yao-Chi Shu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Textile EngineeringFeng Chia UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Textile EngineeringVan Nung Institute of TechnologyChung-LiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations