Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 20, pp 5087–5092 | Cite as

Synthesis of zirconium oxide by hydrolysis of zirconium alkoxide

  • L. Davies
  • L. Daza
  • P. Grange


Submicrometre particles have been prepared from hydrolysis-polycondensation of zirconium alkoxide [Zr(n-C3H7O)4] in ethanolic solution. The properties of these particles (morphology, specific surface area, SBET, crystal phase and size distribution) after calcination at 450 °C for 5 h were found to depend on the conditions of synthesis, i.e. alkoxide concentration and mole ratio water/alkoxide.


Oxide Polymer Hydrolysis Zirconium Specific Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    D. W. Richerson, “Modern ceramic engineering: properties, processing and use in design” (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1992).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. S. Mazdiyasni, C.T. Lynch and J.S. Smith, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 50 (1967) 532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. C. Bradley and D. G. Carter, Can. J. Chem. 39 (1961) 1434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Idem, ibid. 40 (1962) 15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Fegley Jr and E. A. Barringer, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 32 (1984) 187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Fegley Jr, P. White and H. K. Bowen, Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 64 (1985) 1115.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Livage, M. Henry and C. Sanchez, Prog. Solid State Chem. 18 (1988) 259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. K. Bailey and M. L. Mecartney, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 180 (1990) 153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. E. Yoldas, J. Mater. Sci. 21 (1986) 1080.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. E. J. Barret and H. R. Thomas, in “Dispersion polymerization in organic media”, edited by K. E. J. Barret (Wiley, London, 1975) Ch. 4.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. F. Zukoski, M. K. Chow, G. H. Bogush and J. L. Look, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 180 (1990) 131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. N. Fowkes, in Advances in ceramics”., Vol. 21, “Ceramic powder science”, edited by G.L. Messing, K. S. Mazdiyasni, J. W. McCauley and R. A. Haber (American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH, 1987) p. 411Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. K. Iler, “The chemistry of silica” (Wiley, New York, 1979).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. D. Keefer, in “Better ceramics through chemistry II”, edited by C. J. Brinker, D. E. Clarck and D. R. Ulrich (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, 1986) p. 295.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. J. Brinker, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 100 (1988) 31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. J. Brinker and G. W. Scherer, “Sol-gel science, the physics and chemistry of sol-gel processing” (Academic Press, San Diego, 1990).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Meakin, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 180 (1990) 141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. C. Garvie, J. Phys. Chem. 82 (1978) 218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. I. Osendi, J. S. Moya, C. J. Serna and J. Soria, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 68 (1985) 135.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Livage, K. Doi and C. Maziéres, ibid. 51 (1968) 349.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Srinivasan, R. De Angelis and B.H. Davis, J. Mater. Sci. 21 (1986) 583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    X. Turrillas, P. Barnes, D. Haüsermann, S. L. Jones and C.J. Norman, J. Mater. Res. 8 (1993) 163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. A. Blesa, J. G. Maroto, S. J. Passagio, N. Efigliola and G. Rigotti, J. Mater. Sci. 20 (1985) 4601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. F. Baes, Jr and R.E. Mesmer, “The hydrolysis of cations” (Wiley, New York, 1976).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Srinivasan, M. B. Harris, S. F. Simson, R. J. De Angelis and B. H. Davis, J. Mater. Sci. 23 (1988) 787.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Davies
    • 1
  • L. Daza
    • 1
  • P. Grange
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité de Catalyse et Chimie des Matériaux DivisésUniversité Catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

Personalised recommendations