In situ growth of AI2O3 whiskers into the matrix of Y-TZP (yttria-doped tetragonal zirconia polycrystals) was examined in order to prepare Y-TZP/AI2O3 whisker preform for the composites. Various shapes of AI2O3 particles were grown by the reaction of AI2O3 and AIF3 powders with moist nitrogen or oxygen gases at high temperature. They showed a trend to change the particle shapes from massive → rhombohedron → whisker → platelet as the processing temperature was increased. These particles, however, grew only on the surface and not inside the pellets It was found necessary to introduce the carrier gas inside the pellets for particle growth to occur internally. AI2O3 whiskers can be synthesized inside the pellets by mixing with an organic space-forming agent having a relatively large particle size.
Oxygen Nitrogen Polymer Particle Size Zirconia
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