Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 15, pp 4013–4021 | Cite as

Preparation of C-fibre borosilicate glass composites: Influence of the fibre type on mechanical properties

  • T. Klug
  • R. Brückner
Papers

Abstract

Nine different types of carbon fibres were used as the reinforcement component of the borosilicate glass DURAN. Optimum preparation procedures and parameters for the resulting composites were investigated, the mechanical properties were measured in the bending test, and the results compared. It was found that the densification of composites incorporated with high-modulus (hm) C-fibres could be done at lower temperatures than that of composites with high-strength (hs) C-fibres. The utilization of the fibres in the composites with respect to the tensile strength of the fibres was much better for the hm-C-fibres than for the hs-C-fibres. The experimentally obtained values for Young's modulus and the bending strength of the composites were compared with those calculated from the linear mixing rule (LMR). The measured bendover stresses (stress limit of the elastic region in the stress-strain diagrams) were compared with those from the Aveston-Cooper-Kelly model, which calculates stresses at which cracks in the glass matrix occur. It has been shown that good agreement between experimental and calculated values was found if relatively large values were assumed for the interfacial shear strength.

Keywords

Polymer Mechanical Property Tensile Strength Shear Strength Carbon Fibre 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S. M. Lee, in “International encyclopedia of composites”, Vol. 2. (VCH Publishers, New York, 1990) p. 315.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Semar and J. Eul, Faserverstärkte Glasverbundkörper. Fortschrittsberichte der Deutschen Keramischen Gesellschaft. Band 3 (1988), Heft 2.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Th. Klug, J. Reichrt and R. Brückner, Glastechn. Ber. 65 (1992) 41.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Z. Lu, in “Advances in composites tribology”, edited by K. Friedrich (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1992).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Skop, M. Woydt, K.-H. Habig, Th. Klug and R. Brückner, Wear, 169 (1993) 243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Brückner and H. Hegeler, in “Advanced composite materials” edited by M. D. Sacks, Symposium, November 1990, Orlando, FL (Ceramic Transactions, Vol. 19 of the Amer. Ceram. Soc., Inc., Westerville, OH, 1991) p. 797.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Böder, D. Gölden, Ph. Rose and H. Würmseher, Z. Werkstofft. 11 (1980) 275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Hollek, Bornträger Verlag Berlin (1981) 27.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Fitzer and H. Jäger, Z. Werkstofft. 16 (1985) 215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. A. H. De Pruneda and R. J. Morgan, J. Mater. Sci. 27 (1990) 4776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. Fitzer, H. Münch, D. Nieder, G. Schoch, T. Stumm and R. Zimmermann-Chopin, Hochfeste faserverstärkte Verbundwerkstoffe mit keramischer Matrix. BMFT-Abschlußbericht 1989.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Torayca technical reference manual. Toray Industries, 1989.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. K. Tredway and K. M. Prewo, Carbon 27 (5) (1989) 717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. F. Rogers, L. N. Phillips and D. M. Kingstonlee, J. Mater. Sci. 12 (1977) 718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Rozploch and W. Marciniak, High Temp-High Press. 18 (1986) 585.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Th. Klug and R. Brückner, Glastechn. Ber. 65 (1992) 299.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Pannhorst, M. Spallik, R. Bbrückner, H. Hegeler, C. Reich, G. Grathwohl, B. Meier and D. Spelman, Ceram. Engng. Sci. Proc. 11 (7–8) (1990) 947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. Hegeler and R. Brückner, J. Mater. Sci. 24 (1989) 1191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Th. Klug and R. Brückner, J. Mater. Sci. (1994).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Rosensaft and G. Maron, J. Comp. Tech. Res., 7 (1985) 12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. W. Christiansen, J. Lilley and J. B. Shortall, Fibre Sci. Technol. 7 (1974) 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. A. Michalske and J. R. Hellmann, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 71 (9) (1988) 725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. M. McKittrick, N. S. Sridharan and M. F. Amateu, Wear 96 (1984) 285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. M. Bleay and V. D. Scott, J. Mater. Sci. 26 (1991) 2229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. W. Shin and K. M. Knowles, in Proceedings of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers FRC 90, p. 163.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    V. Gunay, P. F. James and J. E. Bailey, in Proceedings of the International Conference on New Materials and their Applications, University of Warwick, UK, 1990 (Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. No. III) p. 217.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. Kern and J. Janczak, Mat.-wiss. und Werkstofftech. 23 (1992) 54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. A. J. Sambell, D. C. Phillips and D. H. Bowen, in Proceedings of the International Conference organized by the Plastic Institute, February 1974, p. 105.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. F. Bacon and K. M. Prewo, Research on graphite reinforced glass matrix composites. NASA contract report 145245, UTRC 1977.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. Aveston, G. A. Cooper, and A. Kellly, in Conf. Proc. Nat. Phy. Lab. 1971, p. 15.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Barsoum and B. Plotnick, Unpublished data.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Aveston and A. Kelly, J. Mater. Sci. 8 (1973) 352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    H. Hegeler and R. Brückner, J. Mater. Sci. 27 (1992) 1901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S-R. Levitt, J. Mater. Sci. 8 (1973) 793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. J. R. Davies, R. F. Preston, R. J. Lee and K. N. Walls, in Proceedings of the International Conference on New Materials and their Applications, University of Warwick, UK, 1990 (Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. No. III) p. 197.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    A. G. Evans, Mat. Sci. Engng. A107 (1989) 227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    D. H. Grande, J. F. Mandell and K. C. C. Hong, J. Mater. Sci. 23 (1988) 311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Th. Klug, V. Fleischer and R. Brückner, Glastechn. Bes. 66 (1993) 201.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Klug
    • 1
  • R. Brückner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Nichtmetallische WerkstoffeTUBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations