Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 23, pp 6306–6310 | Cite as

Synthesis and analysis of PbO-modified Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductors

  • S. Bernik
  • M. Hrovat
  • M. Rozman
  • D. Kolar


High Tc superconducting materials based on a PbO-modified Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system with various ratios between the oxides were prepared by calcination at 800 °C and firing at 855 °C. From X-ray powder diffraction analysis data, the ratio of low- and high-temperature phases was calculated. The material with the nominal composition Bi2Pb0.5Sr2Ca2.5Cu3.5Ox was chosen for further experimental work. Samples fired at 800 °C contain mostly the low-temperature phase (2212). Higher firing temperatures lead to the formation of the high Tc phase (2223) with Tc(R=0) over 100 K. Some samples were cold pressed and refired which increased the specific density to over 80% of the theoretical density. The composition of samples was investigated by X-ray powder diffraction analysis and by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The main phase in the material fired at 800 °C, is the low Tc phase 2212, and secondary phases are Ca2PbO4, unreacted CuO and traces of 2223 phase. At higher firing temperatures, the main phase is the high-temperature phase 2223. The material is still heterogeneous and contains Ca2PbO4.


Oxide Polymer Calcination Experimental Work Material Processing 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Bernik
    • 1
  • M. Hrovat
    • 1
  • M. Rozman
    • 1
  • D. Kolar
    • 1
  1. 1.Joźef Stefan InstituteUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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