Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 23, pp 6181–6198 | Cite as

Superior high-temperature resistance of aluminium nitride particle-reinforced aluminium compared to silicon carbide or alumina particle-reinforced aluminium

  • Shy -Wen Lai
  • D. D. L. Chung


Aluminium-matrix composites containing AlN, SiC or Al2O3 particles were fabricated by vacuum infiltration of liquid aluminium into a porous particulate preform under an argon pressure of up to 41 MPa. Al/AlN had similar tensile strengths and higher ductility compared to Al/SiC of similar reinforcement volume fractions at room temperature, but exhibited higher tensile strength arid higher ductility at 300–400 °C and at room temperature after heating at 600 °C for 10–20 days. The ductility of Al/AIN increased with increasing temperature from 22–400 °C, while that of Al/SiC did not change with temperature. At 400 °C, Al/AlN exhibited mainly ductile fracture, whereas Al/SiC exhibited brittle fracture due to particle decohesion. Moreover, Al/AlN exhibited greater resistance to compressive deformation at 525 °C than Al/SiC. The superior high-temperature resistance of Al/AlN is attributed to the lack of a reaction between aluminium and AlN, in contrast to the reaction between aluminium and SiC in Al/SiC. By using Al-20Si-5Mg rather than aluminium as the matrix, the reaction between aluminium and SiC was arrested, resulting in no change in the tensile properties after heating at 500 °C for 20 days. However, the use of Al-20Si-5Mg instead of aluminium as the matrix caused the strength and ductility to decrease by 30% and 70%, respectively, due to the brittleness of Al-20Si-5Mg. Therefore, the use of AIN instead of SiC as the reinforcement is a better way to avoid the filler-matrix reaction. Al/Al2O3 had lower room-temperature tensile strength and ductility compared to both Al/AlN and Al/SiC of similar reinforcement volume fractions, both before and after heating at 600 °C for 10–20 days. Al/Al2O3 exhibited brittle fracture even at room temperature, due to incomplete infiltration resulting from Al2O3 particle clustering.


Tensile Strength Ductility Brittle Fracture Ductile Fracture High Tensile Strength 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Alan L. Geiger and Michael Jackson, Adv. Mater. Proc. 136(1) (1989) 23.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alan L. Geiger, private communications.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. K. Aghajanian, J. T. Burke, D. R. White and A. S. Nagelburg, SAMPE Q. 20 (4) (1989) 43.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Toy and W. D. Scott, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73(1) (1990) 97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Sakomoto, H. Hasegawa and Y. Minoda, in “Proceedings ICCM/5”, edited by W. C. Harrigan Jnr., J. Strife and A. K. Dhingra (Metallurgical Society of AIME, New York, 1985) pp. 705–7.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. L. McDanels and C. A. Hoffman, NASA technical paper 2302 (1984).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. L. Phillips, in “Proceedings ICCM/2”, edited by B. R. Noton (Metallurgical Society of AIME, Warrendale, PA, 1978) pp. 567–76.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. S. Lin, SAE Technical Paper Series 902013, Aerospace Technology Conference and Exposition, Long Beach, CA, 1–4 October 1990 (SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1990).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. D. Schueller and F. E. Wawner, Compos. Sci. Technol. 40 (1991) 213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. F. Corbin and D. S. Wilkinson, in “Proceedings of Ceramic and Metal Matrix Composites”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Advanced Processing of Ceramic and Metal Matrix Composites, edited by H. Mostachaci (1989).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Advanced Composite Materials Corp., data sheet.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Sakomoto, H. Hasegawa and Y. Minoda, in “Proceedings ICCM/5”, edited by W. C. Harrigan Jnr., J. Strife and A. K. Dhingra (Metallurgical Society of AIME, New York, 1985) pp. 699–705.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Pollock and F. E. Wawner, in “12th Conference on Composite Materials and Structures”, Cocoa Beach, FL, 20–22 January, 1988.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Ackermann, J. Charbonnier, G. Desplanches and H. Koslowski, in “Proceedings ICCM/5”, edited by W. C. Harrigan, J. Strife and A. K. Dhingra (Metallurgical Society of AIME, New York, 1985) pp. 687–98.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Dinwoodie, E. Moore, C. Langman and W. Symes, ibid.“, pp. 671–85.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Banerji and P. K. Rohatgi, J. Mater. Sci. 17 (1982) 335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. A. Cornie, A. Mortensen and M.C. Flemings, in “Proceedings ICCM/6”, edited by F. L. Matthews, N. C. R. Buskell, J. M. Hodginson and J. Morton, Elsevier, Vol. 2 (1987) pp. 2297–319.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jeng-Maw Chiou and D. D. L. Chung, J. Mater. Sci. 28 (1993) 1435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Idem, ibid. 28 (1993) 1447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Idem, ibid. 28 (1993) 1471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S.-Y. Oh, J. A. Cornie and K. C. Russell, Met. Trans. 20A (1989) 527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Z. Hashin and Shtrikman, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 11 (1963) 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shy-Wen Lai and D. D. L. Chung, J. Mater. Sci., 29 (1994) 2998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    E. H. Kerner, Proc. Phys. Soc. 69 (1963) 802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. S. Turner, J. Res. NBS 37 (1946) 239.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. G. Nicholas, D. A. Mortimer, L. M. Jones and R. M. Crispin, J. Mater. Sci. 25 (1990) 2679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. E. Hatch (ed.), “Aluminium: Properties and Physical Metallurgy” (ASM, Metals Park, OH, 1984).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. J. Lloyd, H. Lagace, A. McLeod and P. L. Morris, Mater. Sci. Eng. A107 (1989) 73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shy -Wen Lai
    • 1
  • D. D. L. Chung
    • 1
  1. 1.Composite Materials Research Laboratory, Furnas HallState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

Personalised recommendations