Silicon-aluminium network composites fabricated by liquid metal infiltration
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This paper provides a new method for fabricating interpenetrating silicon-aluminium network metal-matrix composites. This method involves the infiltration of an aluminium-silicon alloy (Al-12Si-1Mg or Al-30Si-1Mg) liquid into a silicon particle (50 vol %) preform. The silicon particles were partially dissolved by the liquid alloy and, together with silicon contributed by the original Al-Si-Mg matrix, resulted in an Si network after solidification. The network composites were metallurgically sound, with no porosity, and exhibited a thermal expansion coefficient down to 7.7×10−6 °C−1 at 50–100 °C, compressive strength up to 580 MPa, tensile strength up to 160 MPa and Vickers hardness up to 390.
KeywordsPolymer Silicon Porosity Tensile Strength Thermal Expansion
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