Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 24, pp 6592–6598 | Cite as

Crystallization and sinterability of cordierite-based glass powders containing CeO2

  • B. H. Kim
  • K. H. Lee


Dense glass-ceramics for low firing temperature substrates were prepared by the addition of CeO2 flux to a glass of the MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 system. The glass powders were fabricated by melting at 1500°C and ball milling. Glass powder compacts prepared by dry pressing were heated at 800–1000°C for 0.5–4 h and sintered at 900–1000°C for 3 h. The crystallization behaviour and sinterability of the glass powder compacts were analysed by thermal and thermomechanical techniques. X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy. The addition of CeO2 prevents the formation of μ-cordierite phase in the glass-ceramics and improves the formation of α-cordierite phase. The activation energy of the glass containing CeO2 for crystallization was lower than that of the CeO2-free glass. Therefore, crystallization properties were enhanced. Because the crystallization onset temperature increased and the softening temperature decreased on the addition of CeO2, the sinterability increased and dense glass-ceramics were fabricated below 1000°C. The properties of the glass-ceramics containing CeO2 appeared to be correct for low firing temperature substrates.


Scanning Electron Microscopy Crystallization Activation Energy Milling CeO2 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. C. Graham and N. M. Tallan, in “Physics of Electronic Ceramics”, edited by L. L. Hench and D. B. Dove (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1971) pp. 491–503.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. M. Herbert, in “Ceramic Dielectrics and Capacitors” (Gordon and Breach Science, Glasgow 1985) pp. 96–104.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Schwartz, in “Electronic Ceramics”, edited by L. M. Levinson (Marcel Dekker, New York, Basel, 1988) pp. 39–40.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. R. Tummala, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 74 (1991) 895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Kata, Y. Shimada and H. Takamizawa, IEEE Trans. Compos. Hybrids, Manuf. Technol. 13 (1990) 448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. W. Vest, Ceram. Bull. 65 (1986) 631.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    I. Vei, K. Inoue and M. Fukui, J. Ceram. Assoc. Jpn 74 (1966) 27.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. R. Bridge, D. Holland and P. W. McMillan, Glass Technol. 26 (1985) 286.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. J. Clark and J. S. Reed, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69 (1986) 837.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. Zdaniewski, ibid. 58 (1975) 163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. B. Volf, in “Chemical Approach to Glass” (Elsevier, New York, 1984) pp. 391–405.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. D. Culity, in “Elements of X-ray Diffraction” (Addison-Wesley, London, 1978) pp. 415–17.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Idem, ibid. B. D. Culity, in “Elements of X-ray Diffraction” (Addison-Wesley, London, 1978), pp. 363–8.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. B. Volf, in “Chemical Approach to Glass” (Elsevier, New York, 1984) pp. 63–4.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. W. M. Wendlandt, in “Thermal Methods of Analysis” (John Wiley, 1974) pp. 148–50.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. H. Kim
    • 1
  • K. H. Lee
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Bio and Chemical Ceramics DeptSsangyong Research CenterDaejonKorea

Personalised recommendations