Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 24, pp 6458–6462 | Cite as

High-temperature creep of yttrium-aluminium garnet single crystals

  • S. Karato
  • Z. Wang
  • K. Fujino


High-temperature creep in single crystals of Y3Al5O12 (YAG) was studied by constant strainrate compression tests. The creep resistance of YAG is very high: a stress of ~ 300 MPa is needed to deform at a strain rate of 10−6 (s−1) at a temperature as high as 1900 K (~0.84 Tm, (melting temperature)). YAG deforms using the 〈111〉 {1¯10} slip systems following a power law with stress exponent n ~ 3 and activation energy E* ~ 720 kJ mol−1. However, a small dependence of n on temperature and of E* on stress was observed. This stress-dependence of activation energy combined with the observed dislocation microstructures suggests that the high creep resistance of YAG is due to the difficulty of dislocation glide as opposed to the difficulty of climb. Present dislocation creep data are compared with diffusion creep data and a deformation mechanism map is constructed. Large transition stresses (2−3 GPa for 10 μm grain size) are predicted, implying that deformation of most fine-grained YAG will occur by diffusion creep.


Microstructure Activation Energy Melting Temperature Compression Test Deformation Mechanism 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Karato
    • 1
  • Z. Wang
    • 1
  • K. Fujino
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geology and GeophysicsUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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