Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 24, pp 6439–6444 | Cite as

Production of SiC particulate reinforced aluminium composites by melt spinning

  • N. J. Fei
  • L. Katgerman
  • W. H. Kool


Melt spinning is successfully used for the preparation of a rapidly solidified SiC particle reinforced AlSi7Mg0.3 alloy. The composites are prepared by introducing SiC particles in a semi-solid matrix slurry (SiC volume fractions up to 0.15, particle size 10 or 20 μm). Duralcan material (SiC volume fraction 0.20, particle size 12 μm) was also used. After stirring in the semi-solid state the composites are heated above the liquidus temperature and subsequently melt-spun. Featureless, columnar and dendritic zones can be identified in the ribbons. A finer dendritic structure is found around the SiC particles. The SiC particles tend to segregate to the air side of the ribbons and the segregation effect is influenced by particle size and volume fraction. As interface velocities are higher than the critical velocities predicted by models on interface pushing, it is concluded that fluid flow in the melt puddle is responsible for the segregation effect.


Particle Size Fluid Flow Material Processing Liquidus Temperature Critical Velocity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. C. Ehrström and W. H. Kool, J. Mater. Sci. 23 (1988) 3195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. R. Loué and W. H. Kool, in Proceedings of International Symposium on Advances in Cast Reinforced Metal Composites, Chicago, 1988, edited by S. G. Fishman and A. K. Dhingra (American Society for Metals, Metals Park, OH, 1988) p. 327.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. G. Zielinski and D. G. Ast, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 2 (1983) 495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Idem P. G. Zielinski and D. G. Ast, in Proceedings of MRS Symposium on Rapidly Solidified Metastable Materials, Boston, USA, 1983, edited by B. H. Kear and B. C. Giessen (Elsevier, New York, 1984) p. 189.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Idem P. G. Zielinski and D. G. Ast, Scripta Metall. 17 (1983) 291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. J. Fei and W. H. Kool, in Proceedings of International Conference on Metal Matrix Composites III: Exploiting the Investment, Dec. 10–11, 1991, London, UK (Institute of Metals, London, 1991) p. 1/P1.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. M. Stefanescu, B. K. Dhindaw, S. A. Kacar and A. Moitra, Metall. Trans. A19 (1988) 2847.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. M. Stefanescu, A. Moitra, A. S. Kacar and B. K. Dhindaw, ibid. A21 (1990) 231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Shangguan, S. Ahuja and D. M. Stefanescu, ibid. A23 (1992) 669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. M. Stefanescu, S. Ahuja, B. K. Dhindaw and R. Phalnikar, in Proceedings of IInd International Conference on Processing of Semi-Solid Alloys and Composites, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1992, edited by S. B. Brown and M. C. Flemings (TMS Publ. 472) p. 406.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. R. Kennedy and T. W. Clyne, Cast Metals 4 (1991) 160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. E. Spear and G. R. Gardner, Trans. Am. Foundry Soc. 71 (1963) 209.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. F. Bower, H. D. Brody and M. C. Flemings, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 236 (1966) 624.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. R. Armstrong and H. Jones, in Proceedings of International Conference on Solidification and Casting of Metals, Sheffield, UK, 1977 (The Metals Society, London, 1979) p. 454.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Bamberger, B. Z. Weiss and M. M. Stupel, Mater. Sci. Techn. 3 (1987) 49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Jones, in “Rapid Solidification of Metals and Alloys” (The Institution of Metallurgists, London, UK, 1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. J. Fei
    • 1
  • L. Katgerman
    • 1
  • W. H. Kool
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyLaboratory of Materials Science and TechnologyThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations