Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 14, pp 3652–3657 | Cite as

Hardening of 316L stainless steel by laser surface alloying

  • F. Laroudie
  • C. Tassin
  • M. Pons


The goal of this study is to investigate different hardening routes for 316L stainless steel by laser surface alloying. We have investigated the formation of iron-chromium carbides by SiC or carbon incorporation, the alloying with submicronic particles of TiC and the precipitation of titanium carbide from mixtures of Ti and SiC. For each hardening route we present the microstructures and the hardness of the processed surface alloys and the conditions leading to the best compromise between highest hardness, best homogeneity and lowest occurrence of cracks. From these results it can be reasoned that hardening by iron-chromium carbides is the best hardening route and that this surface alloy might be a good candidate for tribological applications.


Precipitation Microstructure Titanium Carbide Material Processing 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Laroudie
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. Tassin
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Pons
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire Science des Surfaces et Matériaux CarbonésSaint-Martin d'HèresFrance
  2. 2.ENS d'Electrochimie et d'Electrométallurgie de GrenobleInstitut National Polytechnique de GrenobleSaint-Martin d'HèresFrance

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