Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 7, pp 1719–1727 | Cite as

Fabrication and mechanical properties of in situ formed carbide particulate reinforced aluminium composite

  • H. Nakata
  • T. Choh
  • N. Kanetake


Stable carbide particles of TiC, ZrC and TaC were in situ synthesized in liquid aluminium by the reaction between Al-Ti, Al-Zr or Al-Ta systems liquid alloy and SiC or Al4C3 particles. It was possible to generate TiC particles of nearly 1 μm diameter, even utilizing SiC of 14 μm. However, the dispersion behaviour of TiC particles in the matrix depended on the size of the raw carbide. Finer SiC made the dispersion of TiC particles more uniform, resulting in a greater improvement of the mechanical properties. Furthermore, although Al-Ti-Si system intermetallic compound was detected in a TiCp/Al-Si composite fabricated by the melt-stirring method, those compounds considerably decreased in the composite fabricated by the in situ method. The mechanical properties of in situ formed TiCp/Al-5 wt% Mg and TiCp/Al-5 wt% Cu composites were better than those fabricated by the melt-stirring method and by T6 heat treatment, the properties of in situ formed TiCp/Al-5 wt% Cu composite were further improved. The experimental results were analysed by the reaction model based on the assumption that the overall reaction rate was controlled by both the reaction and the diffusion.


Carbide Heat Treatment Intermetallic Compound Reaction Model Liquid Alloy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    P. Sahoo and M. J. Koczak, in Proceedings of the 1st Japan International SAMPE Symposium, edited by N. Igatsa, I. Kinpara, T. Kishi, E..Nakata, A. Ohkura, T. Uriu (SAMPE, Tokyo, 1989) p. 958.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Kobashi and T. Choh, J.. Jpn Inst. Metals. 55 (1991) 731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Choh, Z. Ebihara and T. Oki, J. Japan Inst. Light Metals 39 (1989) 356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Kobashi, M. Harata and T. Choh, ibid. 43 (1993) 522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Hong, H. Tezuka and A. Kamio, ibid. 43 (1993) 82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Christman and S. Surech, Acta Metall Mater 36 (1988) 1691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. J. Towle and C. M. Friend, J. Mater. Sci. 27 (1992) 2781.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Mori, Tetsu-to-Hagane 50 (1964) 2259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Kobashi and T. Choh, J. Jpn Inst. Metals. 55 (1991) 79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Choh and T. Oki, Mater. Sci. Technol. 3 (1987) 378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Choh, R. Kammel and T. Oki, Z. Metallkde 78 (1987) 286.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. H. Geiger and D. R. Poiorier, in “Transport Phenomena in Metallurgy”, edited by M. Cohen (Addison-Welsey, London, 1973) p. 456.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. J. J. van Loo and G. F.. Bastin, Metall Trans. 20A (1989) 403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Nakata
    • 1
  • T. Choh
    • 1
  • N. Kanetake
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Processing Engineering, School of EngineeringNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations