Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 21, pp 5514–5521 | Cite as

Synthesis of Fe3N by mechano-chemical reactions between iron and organic Hx(CN)6 ring compounds

  • W. A. Kaczmarek
  • B. W. Ninham
  • I. Onyszkiewicz


Novel mechanically activated solid state synthesis reactions between elemental αFe powder and amine compounds-piperazine (Hi10C4N2) and pyrazine (H4C4N2) — have been studied. Powder samples prepared after 144 and 228 h of ball milling in vacuum were examined by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and thermal analysis methods. After ball milling for a time brief compared to that required for most solid state-gas reactions formation of a crystalline iron nitride (Fe3N) a predominant phase with nitrogen concentration up to ca. 9.0 wt% was observed. Thermal analysis experiments showed structural stability of the Fe3N phase up to ca. 720 K. In the final product a small residual fraction was formed from αFe and carbon dispersed during mechanical processing. The concentration of carbon in this fraction, estimated from thermogravimetric analysis was up to 2.5 wt%, dependent on milling conditions and the organic compound used. Mechanochemical synthesis, reaction effectiveness, product composition and particle morphology depends on the milling time and chemical characteristics of the organic compound used. Fine Fe3N particles at a submicrometre size range were obtained only by milling with pyrazine. Further, the higher chemical reactivity of pyrazine than piperazine was confirmed through the higher level of nitridation achieved in the same preparation time.


Ball Milling Piperazine Pyrazine Residual Fraction Mechanochemical Synthesis 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. A. Kaczmarek
    • 1
  • B. W. Ninham
    • 1
  • I. Onyszkiewicz
    • 2
  1. 1.Research School of Physical Sciences and EngineeringAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.nstitute of PhysicsA. Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland

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